Kailua Kona, HI
Kailua is a census-designated place (CDP) in Hawaii County, Hawaii, United States, in the North Kona District of the Island of Hawaii. The population was 11,975 at the 2010 census. It is the center of commerce and of the tourist industry on West Hawaii. Its post office is designated Kailua-Kona to differentiate it from the larger Kailua located on windward Oahu, and it is sometimes referred to as "Kona" in everyday speech. The city is served by Kona International Airport, located just to the north in the adjacent Kalaoa CDP. Kailua-Kona was the closest major settlement to the epicenter of the 2006 Hawaii Earthquake. The community was established by King Kamehameha I to be his seat of government when he was chief of Kona before he consolidated rule of the archipelago, and it later it became the capital of the newly unified Kingdom of Hawaii. The capital later moved to Lhain, then, to Honolulu. Royal fishponds at Kaloko-Honokhau National Historical Park were the hub of unified Hawaiian culture. The town later functioned as a retreat of the Hawaiian royal family. Up until the late 1900s, Kailua-Kona was primarily a small fishing village. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries the region has undergone a realestate and construction boom fueled by tourism and investment. Kailua is located at 19390N1555939W / 19.65000N 155.99417W / 19.65000; -155.99417 (19.649973, -155.994028), along the shoreline of Kailua Bay and up the southern slope of Huallai volcano. There are no major rivers or streams in Kailua or on the Kona side of Hawaii. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 39.8 square miles (103km2), of which, 35.5 square miles (92km2) of it is land and 4.3 square miles (11km2) of it is water. The total area is 10.71% water.