Kula is a district of Maui, Hawaii that stretches across the "up-country", the western-facing slopes of Haleakal, from Makawao to Ulupalakua. Most of the residential areas lie between about 500 to 1,100 m (1,800ft to 3,700ft) in elevation. The district has traditionally been where full-time residents prefer to live, as distinct from the generally hotter and busier, more tourism oriented towns near sea level such as Kihei and Lahaina. Kula roughly extends from Haleakala Highway (Hawaii Route 37) in the north to Keokea in the south-a distance of about 16 miles around 204732N1561937W / 20.79222N 156.32694W / 20.79222; -156.32694Coordinates: 204732N1561937W / 20.79222N 156.32694W / 20.79222; -156.32694. The largely rural area known as Upper Kula includes the region up-slope from Lower Kula, the more densely populated area spread along the Kula Highway. The word Kula means "open meadows" in the Hawaiian language. On Maui Kula is one of the island's 12 foundation districts of ancient Hawaii called moku. Generally, Kula is a zone of arid earth, with open country slopes between the inhabited and productive shoreline areas and the densely forested zone higher on the mountain. Maui's Kula district is the island's largest district, extending from dry coastal areas to the wetter high pasture lands of three major ranches (Haleakala, Erewhon, and Ulupalakua) that cap the region about halfway up the slopes of Haleakala. It laterally extends from Keokea to near Makawao where the rainforest of East Maui once began.